There are currently 176 million women worldwide who are suffering from endometriosis. This disease affects 1 in 10 women. It does not only affect women physically, but also emotionally and mentally. Although this illness isn’t cancer, it can increase a woman’s risk of getting ovarian cancer. This is why it’s important that you or anyone you know should be checked at a women's health clinic Melbourne has.
What is endometriosis?
This disorder usually comes with pain because the tissue that normally lines only the inside of the uterus starts to grow outside and may even spread beyond the pelvic organs.
If you have endometriosis, the displaced tissues will continue to function as it normally would. It thickens, breaks down, and bleeds – this is what happens every menstrual cycle. But because the tissues that are supposed to be inside the uterus are displaced, there is no way that tissues are going to exit your body. Cysts called endometriomas may form if the displaced tissues involve the ovaries.
If left untreated at a Melbourne women’s health clinic, the displaced tissues can become irritated, causing adhesions and scarring. Furthermore, the fibrous tissues can cause the organs to stick together. This will then cause pain, which can be severe during your period.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis?
Aside from pelvic pain, which is often associated with your menstrual period, there are common signs and symptoms of endometriosis. When you visit a women’s health clinic Melbourne, you will know that these include the following:
- Dysmenorrhea – you may experience pain and cramping in your pelvic area before and after your period. This can also be accompanied by abdominal and lower back pain.
- Pain during sex – this is a common sign of endometriosis.
- Excessive bleeding – there will be times when you will experience heavy periods. You may also experience bleeding between menstrual cycles.
- Pain during urination or bowel movement – this is most likely to happen during your period.
- Infertility – most women with endometriosis also suffer from infertility or difficulty in conceiving.
Other symptoms include bloating, fatigue, diarrhoea, or constipation during your period.
You should get yourself examined at a women’s health clinic in Melbourne if you are experience one or more of these symptoms.
What can cause endometriosis?
- Immune system disorder – this can cause your body to be unable to recognise and destroy the tissues growing outside your uterus.
- Embryonic cell transformation – estrogen sometimes transform embryonic cells into endometrial cell implants during puberty stage.
- Retrograde menstruation – when the blood that contains endometrial cells flows back into the pelvic cavity during menstruation, the displaced cells remain on the pelvic walls and other parts of the pelvic organs.
- Endometrial cells transport – endometrial cells may be transported to other parts of the body, particularly the pelvic area, by the tissue fluid system or blood vessels.
What are the risk factors?
The following factors could put you at more risk of developing endometriosis.
- Not being able to conceive or give
- Early menopause
- Higher estrogen levels
- Short menstrual cycles
- Uterine abnormalities
- Low body mass index
- Had your period at an early age
- Alcohol consumption
- Health condition that prevents the normal flow of menstruation out of the body
Take the time to visit a women’s health clinic Melbourne has o ensure that you are safe from this disease.